# How to use the Excel SUMIF Function

## How to use the Excel SUMIF Function ## Description

The SUMIF function is a worksheet function that adds all numbers in a range of cells based on one criteria (for example, is equal to 2000).

The SUMIF function is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a Math/Trig Function. It can be used as a worksheet function (WS) in Excel. As a worksheet function, the SUMIF function can be entered as part of a formula in a cell of a worksheet.

To add numbers in a range based on multiple criteria, try the SUMIFS Function We use the SUMIF function to sum by Category and Invoice Amount. The Categories are Office Supplies, Furniture and Technology

### Syntax

The syntax for the SUMIF function in Microsoft Excel is:

`SUMIF( range, criteria, [sum_range] )`

### Parameters or Arguments

range

The range of cells that you want to apply the criteria against.

criteria

The criteria used to determine which cells to add.

sum_range

Optional. It is the range of cells to sum together. If this parameter is omitted, it uses range as the sum_range.

## Returns

The SUMIF function returns a numeric value.

Applies To

Excel for Office 365, Excel 2019, Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2011 for Mac, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000

Type of Function: Worksheet function (WS)

Example (as Worksheet Function)

Let’s explore how to use SUMIF as a worksheet function in Microsoft Excel. The Range is the category (\$B\$2:\$B\$17) while the sum range is the Invoice Amount Column (\$C\$2:\$C\$17) while the criteria is on column H. We also need to lock the cells by including the \$ sign

Next, add the \$ sign by hitting on cell F4 so that it displays as below